Test Your Knowledge: Regulating LPN Practice

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Welcome to Test Your Knowledge: Regulating LPN Practice.

Test your knowledge of the factors that regulate LPN practice.

This activity can be used as Continuing Competency Program (CCP) hours.

Instructions:

Insert your name in the slot on the upper right side of the page. Use the name that you want to have on your certificate of completion.

The green bar at the top of the page will show your progress toward completing the questions.

Select the best answer for each question. Only your first selection will be used in calculating your grade.

Be sure to click on all the answers provided, including the incorrect answers, before selecting next question. As you select the incorrect answers, you will learn why each answer is incorrect. Selecting the incorrect answer will only affect your grade if it is the first answer that you select.

When you have completed all questions, a certificate of completion will be provided. Print or take a picture of the certificate for your CCP records.

Question:
1. What best describes jurisprudence?
Responses:
It is the understanding and application of the legal rules and laws that apply to nursing practice.
This describes jurisprudence. Jurisprudence is defined as the legislation and regulations governing the practice of licensed practical nursing in Newfoundland and Labrador.
It is a privilege granted to professional nursing groups to regulate the activities of its members.
This describes self-regulation.
It involves the approval of practical nurse education programs.
This does not describe jurisprudence. Approval of practical nurse education programs is a role of the CLPNNL.
It is designed to be a formal process for LPNs to validate their competence.
This describes continuing competence.
Question:
2. What is an example of professional misconduct?
Responses:
Inability to apply nursing knowledge
This is an example of professional incompetence.
Conviction of driving impaired
This is an example of conduct unbecoming a LPN.
Repeated substance abuse
This is an example of incapacity or unfitness to practice.
Physical abuse of a client
This is an example of professional misconduct. Professional misconduct is defined as an act or omission that is in breach of the Standards of Practice or Code of Ethics (e.g., abuse of a client; practicing the profession while impaired by any substance). In other words, it is a nurse’s conduct that is considered harmful in any way and is not consistent with expected professional standards.
Question:
3. What initial action should the LPN take when attempting to identify the nature of an ethically challenging issue?
Responses:
Determine the ethical principles involved.
In Step 1 of the ethical issue decision-making framework, the LPN should determine the ethical principles that are involved
Identify the best option that could resolve the issue.
This is not the initial action. This action is necessary in later steps of the ethical issue decision-making framework once all options for action have been identified.
Seek assistance from the CLPNNL.
While this may be helpful in some situations, it is not the initial action that should be taken when implementing the decision-making process for resolving ethical challenges.
Report the ethical issue to a nursing supervisor.
While this may need to be done, at some point, depending on the issue, it is not the initial action that should be taken when implementing the decision-making process for resolving ethical challenges.
Question:
4. What demonstrates the LPN’s ethical responsibility to the self?
Responses:
Respect and support a client’s choice.
This is an example of ethical responsibility to clients.
Report unprofessional conduct of other LPNs.
This is an example of ethical responsibility to colleagues.
Engage in life-long learning.
This is an example of ethical responsibility to the self. Ethical responsibility is the duty of a LPN to take morally correct action in practice. LPNs have ethical responsibilities to the public, clients, profession, colleagues and self.
Maintain the standards of the profession.
This is an example of ethical responsibility to the profession
Question:
5. The mother of a young child expresses concerns about the child’s diagnosis of a genetic-based disease. The LPN listens to the mother and validates her feelings. What component of the nurse-client relationship is the LPN exhibiting?
Responses:
Trust
This is not the correct component.
Respect
This is not the correct component.
Empathy
The LPN is demonstrating empathy in this situation.
Compassion
This is not the correct component.
Question:
6. The LPN administers 0.25 mg of digoxin (Lanoxin) to a client instead of the prescribed 0.125 mg. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Call the physician for an order to withhold the next prescribed dose.
This is not the appropriate action to take when a medication error has occurred.
Report the error according to agency policy.
This is the appropriate action to take when a medication error has occurred. This action is inclusive of notifying the appropriate individuals, client assessment and appropriate documentation.
Have a registered nurse assess the client.
This is not the appropriate action to take when a medication error has occurred.
Ask the pharmacy department to provide the correct dosage.
This is not the appropriate action to take when a medication error has occurred.
Question:
The RN asks the LPN to participate in collaborative practice by initiating an intravenous (IV) in a client. What action by the LPN is most appropriate?
Responses:
Perform the IV insertion.
The LPN should not perform any procedure without verifying an order on a client’s chart.
Check the client’s chart for a physician order.
The LPN should verify all physician orders before performing any procedures.
Suggest that the RN do it.
This is not the appropriate action to address the situation.
Ask another LPN to assist with the procedure.
This is not the appropriate action to address the situation.
Question:
8. A client writes the College of Licensed Practical Nurses of Newfoundland and Labrador (CLPNNL) reporting that a LPN was physically abusive to him. What action must the CLPNNL take?
Responses:
Contact the LPN’s employer.
The employer may investigate but legislation requires that the allegation be investigated by the CLPNNL.
Ensure that the employer disciplines the LPN.
This is not an obligation of the CLPNNL.
Investigate the allegation
The CLPNNL is required to investigate all allegations.
Ask the client to report the situation to the police.
This is not an obligation of the CLPNNL.
Question:
9. What is the mandate of the CLPNNL?
Responses:
Advocate for the profession.
This is not the mandate of a regulatory body such as the CLPNNL; this is the role of an association or union.
Promote the interests of its LPN members.
This is not the mandate of the CLPNNL; this is the role of an association or union.
Advance the profession.
This is not the mandate of the CLPNNL; this is the role of an association or union.
Promote safety and protection of the public.
Promoting safety and protection of the public is the mandate of the CLPNNL.
Question:
10. What can the LPN do to best demonstrate that self-regulation is reflected in daily practice?
Responses:
Maintain a current license to practice.
This is the best way to demonstrate self-regulation on an individual level and on a daily basis. Holding a current license to practice assures the public that LPNs are keeping current in and competent with their practice. LPNs are required to follow the Standards of Practice.
Provide feedback on PN education standards.
While providing feedback on PN educational standards, as set by the CLPNNL is important, it is not the best way to reflect self-regulation on an individual basis.
Participate on employer-based committee
While participating on employer-based committees is important, it is not the best way to reflect self-regulation on an individual basis.
Assist in setting policy direction for the profession.
This is the responsibility of the CLPNNL, not an individual LPN.
Question:
11. The LPN who works on an inpatient medical unit is floated to a surgical unit. The LPN perceives that she cannot provide competent care to the clients on this unit. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Ask for another LPN to be floated.
This is not the appropriate way to address providing care in an unfamiliar client care environment. Every LPN has entry-level competencies that can be applied in any practice setting.
Consult the regulatory body.
This is not the appropriate way to address providing care in an unfamiliar client care environment. While the regulatory body can be consulted on various practice issues, it is not the appropriate action in this situation.
Negotiate the work assignment.
This is the appropriate way to address the situation. This can be done in consultation with the manager and staff on the unit.
Refuse the work assignment.
The work assignment should not be refused based on a perceived level of incompetence.
Question:
12. What behaviour indicates that the LPN is becoming overinvolved with a client?
Responses:
Avoids answering the client’s call bells.
This behaviour is indicative of disengagement with a client. Therapeutic Nurse-Client Relationship
Engages family members in the client’s care
This behaviour is appropriate in the therapeutic nurse-client relationship. Link: Therapeutic Nurse-Client Relationship
Advocates for the client’s dietary needs.
This behaviour is appropriate in the therapeutic nurse-client relationship. Link: Therapeutic Nurse-Client Relationship
Gives extra time and attention to the client.
This is indicative of overinvolvement with a client. Link: Therapeutic Nurse-Client Relationship
Question:
13. How can the LPN best demonstrate accountability to the CLPNNL?
Responses:
Maintaining collaborative relationships with colleagues.
This behaviour is indicative of accountability to colleagues. Link: Accountability
Engaging in continuing competency activities.
This behaviour is indicative of accountability to oneself. Link: Accountability
Complying with the Standards of Practice.
This behaviour is indicative of accountability to the CLPNNL. Other examples include following the Code of Ethics as well as legislative and regulatory requirements. Link: Accountability
Practicing within employer policies and procedures.
This behaviour is indicative of accountability to an employer. Link: Accountability
Question:
14. The LPN is working in a long-term care facility. A family member of a resident asks the LPN for information on private foot care services. The LPN owns a private foot care business. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Provide the family member with a list of all available foot care services.
This is appropriate behaviour as it avoids all actual, potential or perceived conflict of interest. Link: LPN Self-Employment guideline
Offer to provide the foot care service to the resident when not on duty
LPNs should not refer clients from their employment-based work to their private business. Link: LPN Self-Employment guideline
Provide the family member with a friend’s business card for foot care.
LPNs should not refer clients from their employment-based work to a friend’s business. LPNs should disclose any affiliations, relationships, or financial/personal interests that could create a conflict of interest. Link: LPN Self-Employment guideline
Consult a supervisor about giving the family member a business card.
LPNs should avoid any behaviour that places personal interests above public interest or professional duties. Link: LPN Self-Employment guideline
Question:
15. The LPN is working in a long-term setting where LPNs are in a lead role. Personal care attendants (PCA) also work in this setting. What best describes the LPN’s responsibility in assigning resident care to a PCA?
Responses:
After assigning care to the PCA, document the care that has been provided.
While assigning care is within a LPN’s scope of practice, they should not document care provided by other health care providers.
Have a supervisor assign care to the PCA as this is not within the LPN scope of practice.
Assigning care is within a LPN’s scope of practice.
Assign all care to the PCA and evaluate the residents’ response.
It is unlikely that all care can be assigned to a PCA.
Complete an assessment of resident needs and assign care that is within the scope of the PCA.
Before assigning any care the LPN must assess client/resident needs and then assign care that is within the scope of employment of a PCA.
Question:
16.The LPN is asked to complete a urinary catheterization. The LPN has not performed the procedure for two years. What action by the LPN is most appropriate?
Responses:
Gather the supplies to perform the catheterization.
The LPN should not perform the procedure without ensuring that he/she is able to do it competently and safely.
Review previous nursing notes on the procedure.
This action may not provide specific instructions to competently complete the procedure. To ensure competency, the LPN should ask for guidance in completing the procedure.
Ask a colleague to complete the procedure.
This is not necessary and does not address the fact that the LPN should be able to complete the procedure.
Request to be supervised by a competent nurse.
Given the length of time and to ensure competency, the LPN should ask for guidance in completing the procedure.
Question:
17. Mrs. Forrester, 78 years old, has been admitted to a long-term care facility. She shouts, “I do not want to be here! I want to go home!” How should the LPN best respond?
Responses:
“I’m sorry, but you cannot go home.”
This does not address Mrs. Forrester’s feelings and ignores what was said.
“I will call a family member for you.”
This does not directly address Mrs. Forrester’s feelings and ignores what was said.
“It can take time to adjust to being here.”
While this may be accurate in some cases, it is not the best response as it does not directly address Mrs. Forrester’s feelings.
“It must be hard for you to leave your home.”
This response is best as it includes reflecting to better understand Mrs. Forrester’s feelings and also demonstrates respect.
Question:
18. Nancy, a LPN, observes James, another LPN, put two tablets of acetaminophen (Tylenol) in his uniform pocket. When questioned, James states that the medication is for Mrs. Smith. However, Mrs. Smith was transferred to another unit three hours ago. What should Nancy do first?
Responses:
Ask James to return the medication immediately.
This does not address the issue; the incident must be reported.
Document the incident on an occurrence form.
The incident must be reported; documentation can be done later.
Report the incident to a supervisor.
From a professional and legal perspective, this incident must be reported to a supervisor. If left unreported Nancy could be held responsible as well.
Check to see if other medications are missing.
While this may be important, the first action is to report the incident. It may also be challenging to determine if other medications are missing and this would not be Nancy’s responsibility.
Question:
19. The LPN’s co-worker complains that one of the personal care attendants (PCA) does not complete assigned work. How should the LPN initially respond?
Responses:
Report the concerns to a supervisor.
This is not the best initial response and does not demonstrate leadership in addressing the issue.
Ask if the co-worker has discussed this with the PCA.
This approach is the most appropriate initial response and places responsibility in addressing the issue with the right person
Offer to discuss the concerns with the PCA.
This does not place responsibility for addressing the issue with the right person.
Determine if other co-workers have similar concerns.
This is not an appropriate response and it is not the responsibility of the LPN to determine this.
Question:
20. Respecting patients’ decisions and supporting patients in making their own health care decisions is reflective of which of the following ethical principles?
Responses:
Justice
Justice refers to distributing health care resources fairly and ensuring equitable access to care.
Veracity
Veracity refers to the principle of truth telling.
Autonomy
This example is reflective of autonomy. Patients have the right to self-determination and to make decisions about their lives.
Beneficence
Beneficence refers to doing good and preventing harm.
Question:
21. The LPN works in a small, rural community. What should the LPN do if assigned to a client who is a family member?
Responses:
Discuss boundaries with a supervisor and consider asking another nurse to take over the care of the family member.
At times, nurses may have to care for family members. It is best to acknowledge the relationship, discuss boundaries and seek another care provider to assume the care.
Discuss boundaries with a supervisor and determine whether the family member will ask to be assigned to another nurse.
At times, nurses may have to care for family members. It is best to acknowledge the relationship and discuss boundaries but do not wait for the client/family to request a different care provider.
Refuse the assignment and request to speak with the supervisor.
Nurses cannot refuse assignments until another care provider assumes the care.
Accept the assignment and provide safe, competent nursing care.
The assignment should not be accepted without discussing boundaries and seeking an alternate care provider.
Question:
22. The LPN witnesses a RN hit a client during morning care. What should the LPN do first?
Responses:
Inform the relevant regulatory body.
This is not the first step. The LPN must report the incident to a supervisor. The supervisor/employer will determine whether the regulatory body should be notified.
Report the incident to a supervisor
LPNs have a legal and ethical duty to report unethical conduct/incompetent practice. The LPN must report the incident to a supervisor who will then determine the next steps.
Discuss the incident with the RN.
This is not the first step. This must be reported to a supervisor.
Seek advice from a colleague.
This is not the first step. This must be reported to a supervisor.
Question:
23. LPNs are expected to advocate for clients. Which of the following best describes advocacy?
Responses:
Documenting all care in the client’s record in a timely manner.
This is appropriate practice but does not demonstrate advocacy.
Seeking advice from a supervisor in situations of perceived conflict.
This is appropriate practice but does not demonstrate advocacy.
Articulating the client’s point of view about proposed medical care.
This demonstrates advocacy as the LPN is communicating the client’s perspective/opinion about his/her medical care. This will help ensure that the client’s wishes/choices are being considered.
Applying the standards of practice when providing nursing care.
This is appropriate practice but does not demonstrate advocacy.
Question:
24. A client on a surgical unit offers the LPN $25 for being so kind and helpful. How should the LPN best respond?
Responses:
Accept the money and give it to a supervisor.
This is unethical conduct as a LPN should not accept money/gifts from a client
Refuse the money and explain that staff cannot accept gifts.
This is ethical conduct and the response should not negatively impact the relationship with the client.
Ask the client to donate the money to the staff education fund.
This is unethical conduct as money/gifts should not be accepted for any reason or cause.
Suggest that the client buy a gift for the unit staff.
This is not the best option as it does not explain to the client that the LPN should not accept money/gifts
Question:
25. The LPN, in a privately owned long-term care setting, observes two co-workers arguing about the shift schedule. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Suggest they work on drafting a new schedule.
This approach is not person-centered and does not fully address the immediate issue.
Meet with them separately to discuss their concerns.
This approach is not a collaborative in dealing with conflict in the workplace.
Mediate a session with them to discuss the schedule.
This approach is person-centered and collaborative and incorporates basic conflict management principles.
Provide privacy to allow them to resolve the issue.
This approach does not address the immediate issue and allows the arguing to continue.
Question:
26. The LPN hears a female colleague angrily respond to a client’s call bell. “Mr. Flight, you do not need to get up to the commode right now. We just put you back in bed!” The colleague then leaves the room. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Assist Mr. Flight to the commode.
This response addresses the client’s immediate need for the commode. The LPN should also address the colleague’s behavior with them as soon as possible after finishing with Mr. Flight.
Apologize to Mr. Flight for the colleague’s behaviour.
This approach does not address the colleague’s behaviour or Mr. Flight’s immediate need.
Follow the colleague to confront her.
This ignores Mr. Flight’s immediate need for assistance to the commode.
Ask that the colleague not be assigned to Mr. Flight.
This approach does not address the colleague’s behaviour or Mr. Flight’s immediate need.
Question:
27. The LPN is a team leader on a LPN led nursing unit in a long-term care facility. The LPN notes that a colleague consistently leaves work early. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Discuss the observation with the colleague.
This approach provides an opportunity for discussion and the possible determination of other issues that need to be addressed.
Report the observation to a supervisor.
The team leader should first discuss the observation with the colleague.
Refer the colleague to the employee assistance program
The team leader should first discuss the observation with the colleague; the discussion may lead to the need for a referral.
Seek guidance from another LPN to address the situation.
Being a team leader the LPN should discuss the observation with the colleague.
Question:
28. What statement best describes the scope of nursing practice?
Responses:
The scope of practice is the same for all LPNs in the nursing profession.
This is inaccurate as the individual scope of practice can be expanded or minimized by an employer. The LPN scope of practice can vary from employer to employer and with the established scope of employment.
The scope of practice lists specific functions that LPNs can perform in this province.
The scope of practice does not list specific functions that LPNs can perform. This would be in the LPN Competency Profile.
The scope of practice of individual LPNs cannot be restricted by an employer.
This is inaccurate as the scope of practice can be expanded or minimized by an employer.
The scope of practice includes functions that LPNs are educated and authorized to perform.
The scope of practice includes the roles, functions and activities that LPNs are educated, authorized and competent to perform.
Question:
29. What is accurate regarding the assignment of care?
Responses:
Requires ongoing communication amongst team members.
Assignment of care requires ongoing communication amongst all team members to ensure that a client’s health status is being monitored and plan of care followed.
Requires hourly assessment of all clients.
Assignment of care requires periodic re-evaluation of assignment decisions but not hourly assessment of all clients.
Outlines tasks to be completed by each team member.
The assignment of care does not require lists of tasks to be completed by each team member.
Must be determined by a registered nurse.
Other licensed professionals such as LPNs can determine assignment of care. For LPNs this is usually done in collaboration with a registered nurse or manager.
Question:
30. The LPN assigns a personal care attendant (PCA) to complete a client’s vital signs. What is accurate in this situation?
Responses:
The LPN should observe the PCA completing the task.
It is not necessary to observe the PCA as completing vital signs is within the scope of employment.
The LPN should follow up by asking for the findings of the vital signs.
The LPN is responsible for following up and ongoing assessment of the client’s health status and plan of care.
The PCA is responsible for the client’s overall care.
PCAs are not responsible for a client’s overall care.
The PCA is expected to interpret the findings of the vital signs.
PCAs are responsible for implementing the assigned care safely and competently but are not responsible for the interpretation of findings.
Question:
31. The LPN assists a nursing colleague in positioning Mr. Harvey for a dressing change. During the dressing change the LPN notices that the colleague cleanses the suture line from distal to proximal. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Allow the colleague to complete the procedure and then speak with the colleague privately.
This does not address the improper wound care technique and puts the client at risk.
Offer to complete the procedure for the colleague.
This is not the best approach as it does not allow the colleague to improve practice.
Provide direction to the colleague about proper technique.
This addresses the situation and allows the colleague the opportunity to improve practice. Cleaning distal to proximal may introduce organisms into the wound.
Suggest that the procedure be discontinued and have another nurse complete it.
This is not necessary and does not allow the colleague to improve practice.
Question:
32. A client is upset and complaining about the nursing care received while in hospital. How should the LPN initially respond?
Responses:
Inform colleagues about the client’s behaviour.
This approach does not acknowledge or address the current situation.
Reassure the client that nursing care will improve.
The LPN initially needs to determine the nature of the concerns.
Restate some of the client’s comments back to them.
This approach demonstrates that the LPN is actively listening, using a therapeutic communication technique and addressing the client’s concerns.
Report the client’s concerns to a nursing supervisor.
While this will need to be done, it is not the initial action that should be taken.
Question:
33. What care should the LPN assign to an unregulated care provider working in a LTC facility?
Responses:
Applying a medicated cream for a skin rash.
Medication administration cannot be assigned to an unregulated care provider within this type of facility.
Auscultating bowel sounds post-operatively.
Health assessment cannot be an assigned task to an unregulated care provider.
Completing a record of daily fluid intake.
This is an appropriate task to assign to an unregulated care provider as it is within their scope of employment.
Teaching a client how to manage a colostomy.
Client education cannot be assigned to an unregulated care provider
Question:
34. The LPN is using the nursing unit computer for documentation. A nursing colleague, who just completed wound care, asks the LPN to document the intervention. What is the most appropriate action by the LPN?
Responses:
Complete the charting and log off the computer so the colleague can use it to document.
The colleague should document the intervention herself. Therefore, once the LPN has finished his/her documentation, he/she should log off the computer so that the colleague can use it.
Validate the details of the wound care prior to documenting them for the colleague.
The LPN must not chart for a colleague.
Ask the colleague to write a note on the intervention and document it later.
Documentation must be done in a timely manner.
Offer to document the intervention as soon as the LPN’s charting is complete.
The colleague must document the intervention his/herself.
Question:
35. The RN assists with a garden party for the residents of a long-term care facility. The RN takes some pictures at the party, including some of the residents, and posts them to a social media account. A LPN sees the pictures on the RN’s social media account. What should the LPN do?
Responses:
Report the situation to a supervisor.
This is a breach of confidentiality and must be reported to a supervisor who will address the situation.
Ask the RN to remove the pictures from social media.
This may be done as well but must be reported.
Call the regulatory body to report the RN’s actions.
This must be reported to a supervisor who will determine whether the regulatory body needs to be contacted.
Determine whether the residents gave their verbal consent.
Clients/residents may give verbal consent to have pictures taken but they cannot be published without written consent.
Question:
36. Where does the CLPNNL get its authority to regulate the practice of licensed practical nurses?
Responses:
Registered Nurses Act (2008)
This Act grants authority to the Association of Registered Nurses of NL to regulate registered nurses in NL.
Health Professions Act (2010)
This Act governs the regulation of seven health professional groups in NL. LPNs are not included under this Act.
Licensed Practical Nurses Act (2005)
The Licensed Practical Nurses Act grants authority to the CLPNNL to regulate the practical nursing profession in NL.
Medical Act (2011)
This Act provides the legal basis for the College of Physician and Surgeons in NL.
Question:
37. The LPN’s co-worker consistently complains that another colleague is not an effective team player. How should the LPN initially respond?
Responses:
Offer to discuss the concerns with the colleague.
This is not the best initial response and does not involve the most appropriate team members.
Ask if the co-worker has discussed this with the colleague.
This is the appropriate initial action. It demonstrates assertive behaviour and involves the most appropriate team members.
Suggest the co-worker discuss this with a nurse manager.
This response does not take ownership of the situation.
Assess the colleague’s typical daily work assignment.
This response does not address the concerns voiced by the co-worker.
Question:
38. The LPN is asked to administer a blood transfusion. This is in conflict with the LPN’s personal values and beliefs. What action by the LPN is most appropriate?
Responses:
Ask another LPN to assume the care and administer the transfusion.
This is not the most appropriate action as another LPN may not be available or able to assist with the care of another client.
Provide the immediate required care until a replacement care provider can be found.
This concurs with the ethical and professional accountabilities of the LPN to ensure the client’s well-being until a replacement care provider can be found.
Notify a supervisor that the transfusion cannot be administered.
This is not the most appropriate action as the LPN has an ethical and professional accountability to ensure the client’s well-being until a replacement can be found.
Inform the client that the transfusion conflicts with personal values and beliefs.
This is not the most appropriate action and not an appropriate conversation to have with a client.
Question:
39. The CLPNNL is obligated to investigate allegations of professional misconduct, conduct unbecoming the profession, incompetence or incapacity of a LPN. What can be considered an example of incompetence?
Responses:
Falsifying a document
This is an example of professional misconduct.
Abuse of a client
This is an example of conduct unbecoming a LPN.
A diagnosis of dementia
This is an example of incapacity or unfitness to practice.
A lack of knowledge
This is an example of incompetence.
Question:
40. What best describes the Standards of Practice?
Responses:
They define the minimal legal and professional expectations for a LPN.
This best describes the Standards of Practice. Link: LPN Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics
They represent the ethical values and responsibilities of LPNs.
This best describes the Code of Ethics. Link: LPN Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics
They are defined as the knowledge, skills, abilities and judgments expected of a LPN.
This best describes competencies.
They include the roles and functions that LPNs are educated and authorized to perform.
This best describes the scope of practice.
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